Two late 20th-century Buddhist groups, Santi Asoke (founded 1975) and Dhammakaya, are especially interesting. The transmission of Buddhism and Hinduism to Southeast Asia can thus be regarded as the spread of the religious symbols of the more-advanced Austroasiatic peoples to other Austroasiatic groups sharing some of the same basic religious presuppositions and traditions. In Southeast Asia the impact of Buddhism was felt in very different ways in three separate regions. During the next 500 years, the religion continued to become more important in these countries and was eventually adopted as the official state religion. In Myanmar, which endured an extended period of British rule, the sangha and the structures of Buddhist society have been seriously disrupted. The northern part of what is now Vietnam had been conquered by the Chinese empire in 111 bce and remained under Chinese rule until 939 ce. There are indications that Vietnam was involved in the early sea trade between India, Southeast Asia, and China, and it is quite probable that Buddhism reached the country via this sea route near the beginning of the 1st millennium ce. Buddhism never developed an overall hierarchy of religious authority with a supreme head. After the Buddha's death, how did Buddhism spread? Whenever it reached a new culture, the Buddhist methods and styles were freely modified to fit the local mentality, without compromising the essential points of wisdom and compassion. A variety of forms of Buddhism developed as people in the different lands it reached emphasized one or another aspect of the teachings. And to Southeast Asia. Due to this separation from the distance in geography, Buddhism and Hinduism don’t interact that much anymore. Shakyamuni Buddha told people not to follow his teachings out of blind faith, but to only do so after examining them carefully. This great empire-builder did not force his subjects to adopt the Buddhist faith, but by posting edicts engraved on iron pillars throughout his realm exhorting his people to lead an ethical life, and by following the principles himself, he inspired others to adopt Buddha’s teachings. Its propagation probably followed the same pattern that was see… Buddhism was also introduced at about this time in Sumatra, and by the 7th century the king of Srivijaya on the island of Sumatra was a Buddhist. The clergy was divided between those who were highborn and Sinicized and those in the lower ranks who often were active in peasant uprisings. Portion of India’s population became Muslims 3. Farther to the east and south, in what is now Cambodia and southern Vietnam, various combinations of Hinduism, Mahayana Buddhism, and Vajrayana Buddhism became prevalent. In addition, from the 2nd century CE, Indian forms of Mahayana Buddhism spread to Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia, Sumatra and Java along the sea trade route from India to South China. With about 470 million followers, scholars consider Buddhism one … The Mons was a major source of influence on the culture of Burma and Buddhism is a religion that was founded by Siddhartha Gautama (“The Buddha”) more than 2,500 years ago in India. Throughout much of the history of Angkor, the great imperial centre that ruled Cambodia and much of the surrounding areas for many centuries, Hinduism seems to have been the preferred tradition, at least among the elite. Within these growing trade route networks, Buddhism started its development from the Indian Subcontinent, and reached other regions along the Silk Roads. The Tibetan Mahayana tradition started in the 7th century CE, inheriting the full historical development of Indian Buddhism. Contrary to popular belief, Buddhism did not originate from China. Distance from Oceania prevented the migration of Austronesian language, beliefs, and technology. King Kertanagara of Java (reigned 1268–92) was especially devoted to Tantric practice. In Laos it was recognized by the government as a part of the national heritage, and in Cambodia it was even given the status of a state religion. If you find our material useful, please consider making a single or monthly donation. The nomads complained to the authorities, and the overbearing teacher was punished and exiled. Thailand – 93%, 64.5 million Buddhists 3. Buddhism and Hinduism-- the core area of both is Northern India and each spread through the Indian subcontinent, yet both did not seem to expand with the same radius. During the modern period Mahayana traditions in northern and central Vietnam have coexisted with Theravada traditions from Cambodia in the south. Portion of India ’ s in Indian sub continent because it was mostly from China that Buddhism to! 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