Rice and wheat are mostly cultivated in the terai plains and well-irrigated valleys, and maize, millet, barley and buckwheat in the lesser fertile and drier hills. 95% of children have access to iodized salt, and 86% of children aged 6 – 59 months receive Vitamin A prophylaxis. The king was made a titular figure, and the post of Prime Minister was made powerful and hereditary. [89], Among the notable trees, are the astringent Azadirachta indica, or neem, which is widely used in traditional herbal medicine,[94] and the luxuriant Ficus religiosa, or peepal,[95] which is displayed on the ancient seals of Mohenjo-daro,[96] and under which Gautam Buddha is recorded in the Pali canon to have sought enlightenment. Varieties of Tibetan are spoken in and north of the higher Himalaya where standard literary Tibetan is widely understood by those with religious education. Pahad is the mountain region that does not generally contain snow. [281], Around 2,000 immigrants, half of them Chinese, applied for a work permit in 2018/19. By the late Vedic period, Nepal was being mentioned in various Hindu texts, such as the late Vedic Atharvaveda Pariśiṣṭa and in the post-Vedic Atharvashirsha Upanishad. [182], Nepal has made significant progress in poverty reduction bringing the population below the international poverty line (US$1.90 per person per day) from 15% in 2010 to just 9.3% in 2018, although vulnerability remains extremely high, with almost 32% of the population living on between US$1.90 and US$3.20 per person per day. D’abord dénommée Kantipur, Katmandou devint la ville la plus importante du Népal, ainsi que sa capitale politique et son centre culturel. Erosion of the Himalayas is a very important source of sediment, which flows to the Indian Ocean. [52], The Licchavi dynasty went into decline in the late 8th century, and was followed by a Thakuri rule. However, the Mughal period saw an influx of high-caste Hindus from India into Nepal. Kwanti (sprouted beans soup), chhwela (ground beef), chatamari, (rice flour crepe), bara (fried lentil cake), kachila (marinated raw minced beef), samaybaji (centred around flattened rice), lakhaamari and yomuri are among the more widely recognised. Most do not get paid minimum wage,[216] and many are forced to forfeit all or part of the wages. Nepalis can own property in India, while Indians are free to live and work in Nepal. Kathmandu is the capital and the largest city. [218] Due to restrictions placed on women, many depend on traffickers to get out of the country, and end up victims of violence and abuse. [293] By the mid-twentieth century, Nepali literature was no longer limited to the Hindu literary traditions. It is landlocked, and borders China in the north and India in the south, east and west, while Bangladesh is located within only 27 km (17 mi) of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim. [136] Nepal also has made progress in LGBT rights and gender equality. The only practical seaport of entry for goods bound for Kathmandu is Kolkata in India. Among the earliest inhabitants were the Kirat of the eastern region, Newars of the Kathmandu Valley, aboriginal Tharus of the Terai plains and the Khas Pahari people of the far-western hills. The city has a population density of 20,288 people per square kilometer. C’est la tant attendue version Française du jeu. [209][210] Nepal's share of visitors to South Asia is about 6%, and they spend much less on average, with Nepal sharing 1.7% of the earnings. Public health centres provide 72 essential medicines free of cost. [323][324] Ludo, snakes and ladders and carrom are popular pastimes. [citation needed] By 2017, there were more than seven million students enrolled in 35,601 schools. Suivant . The most well-developed of Nepali painting traditions is the thanka or paubha painting tradition of Tibetan Buddhism, practised in Nepal by the Buddhist monks and Newar artisans. [139][140][141][142][143] The Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority is an independent investigative agency that investigates and prosecutes cases related to corruption, bribery and abuses of authority. [237] The annual population growth rate was 1.35% between 2001 and 2011, compared to an average of 2.25% between 1961 and 2001; also attributed to the absentee population.[238]. Capital of Nepal. [126] As communism was trying to find its footing, Nepali Congress was successful in overthrowing the Rana regime in 1951 and enjoyed overwhelming support of the electorate. [271] Toilet building subsidies under the ambitious "one household-one toilet" program has seen toilet prevalence rate reach 99% in 2019, from just 6% in 1990. More than 60% of Nepal's trade is with India. [65], The Panchayat rule modernised the country, introducing reforms and developing infrastructure, but curtailed liberties and imposed heavy censorship. Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile … Besides being the capital, Kathmandu is also the headquarters of the Kathmandu District and the Central Development region. Tribhuvan International Airport is located a few kilometers from the city center, offer both local and international flights. The Nepali are descendants of three major migrations from India, Tibet and North Burma, and the Chinese province of Yunnan via Assam. Around 600 BCE, small kingdoms and confederations of clans arose in the southern regions of Nepal. ", "Current Shortening Across the Himalayas of Nepal", "The Status of Nepal's Mammals: The National Red List Series", "Integrating ethnobiological knowledge into biodiversity conservation in the Eastern Himalayas", "Status and Conservation of Lowland Terai Wetlands in Nepal", "Forest cover has increased in Nepal of late", "Tethys retreat and Himalayas-Hengduanshan Mountains uplift and their significance on the origin and development of the sino-himalayan elements and alpine flora", "Out-of-India Gondwanan Origin of Some Tropical Asian Biota", "Table 8a: Total endemic and threatened endemic species in each country (totals by taxonomic group): VERTEBRATES", "National bird on verge of disappearance", "Table 5: Threatened species in each country (totals by taxonomic group)", "Bengal Florican Conservation Action Plan", "Conservation of white-rumped vultures in progress in Nepal", "Mahottari declared 58th diclofenac-free district", "Community Forestry in Nepal: A Policy Innovation for Local Livelihoods", "The Terai Arc Landscape Project (TAL) – Gharial Breeding Centre", "Nepal celebrates 'zero poaching year' for rhino, tiger and elephant", "Is Nepal headed towards a communist state? The Mallas ruled the valley first under the suzerainty of Tirhut, but established independent reign by late 14th century as Tirhut went into decline. The Himalayan branch of the ancient Silk Road was dominated by the valley's traders. This region has subtropical to tropical climate. [155] Nepal and India share an open border with free movement of people, religious, cultural and marital ties. The Nepalese Civil War in the 1990s and early 2000s resulted in the establishment of a secular republic in 2008, ending the world's last Hindu monarchy. It is landlocked, and borders China in the north and India in the south, east and west, while Bangladesh is located within only 27 km (17 mi) of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim. L'histoire du principal village du pays a plus de deux mille ans. [302] The sari is tied around the waist and knotted at one end, wrapped around the lower body, and then over the shoulder. [118] After the Maoists entered the political process in 2006, they emerged as the third largest party. The industry, disrupted by the civil war in the 1990s, has since recovered but faces challenges to growth, owing to a lack of proper facilities for high-end tourism termed the "infrastructure bottleneck", the flag carrier in shambles, and a handful of destinations properly developed and marketed. In response, the system of national parks and protected areas, first established in 1973 with the enactment of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 1973,[107] was substantially expanded. [48], In the mid-18th century, Prithvi Narayan Shah, a Gorkha king, set out to put together what would become present-day Nepal. [184] Nepal has been a member of WTO since 23 April 2004. Thus began the reputation of Gurkhas as fierce and ruthless soldiers. [158][159] Citizens of both countries can cross the border and travel as far as 30 km without a visa. Nepali laws are considered generally more progressive compared to other developing countries, and in some instances, many developed ones. [55] After another 300 years of Muslim rule, Tirhut came under the control of the Sens of Makawanpur. By the 18th century, the Gorkha Kingdom achieved the unification of Nepal. Besides, tourism is one of the primary incomes earning activity in the city. Nepal is among the poorest nations in the world and the least developed with almost a 1/3 of the population living below the poverty level. This video is about a day of Kathmandu with beautiful temples and about of gods with rainy and cloudy city. In 1923, the United Kingdom and Nepal formally signed an agreement of friendship that superseded the Sugauli Treaty of 1816. [325] Chess is also played. English and Hindi are widely understood. [191] Nepal's international trade greatly expanded in 1951 with the establishment of democracy; liberalization began in 1985 and picked up pace after 1990. The cosmopolitan region developed distinct traditional art and architecture. [62] Rana rule was marked by tyranny, debauchery, economic exploitation and religious persecution. [b] According to Nepāl Mahātmya,[c] Nemi was charged with protection of the country by Pashupati. The Lower Himalayan Range, reaching 1,500 to 3,000 metres (4,900 to 9,800 ft), is the southern limit of this region, with subtropical river valleys and "hills" alternating to the north of this range. Above 3,500 m in the west and 4,000 m in the east, coniferous trees give way to Rhododendron-dominated alpine shrubs and meadows. October 2019, IMF update, excludes Somalia and Syria, October 2019, IMF update; excludes Somalia, Syria and Venezuela. There are related clues (shown below). At 2.16 per 100,000 in 2016, Nepal's intentional homicide rate is much lower than average; police data indicates a steady increase in the crime rate in recent years. [174] Directorate of Military Intelligence under Nepal Army serves as the military intelligence agency;[175] National Investigation Department tasked with national and international intelligence gathering, is independent. Life expectancy at birth is estimated at 71 years as of 2017, 153rd highest in the world,[259] up from 54 years in the 1990s. Dhoti or its variants, usually worn over a langauti, constitute the lower-body garment in the traditional clothing of Tharus, Gurungs and Magars as well as the Madhesi people, among others. By Akan Takruri, Susi Dunsmore [90] The dramatic differences in elevation found in Nepal (60 m from sea level in the Terai plains, to 8,848 m Mount Everest)[91] result in a variety of biomes. Major exports include readymade garment, carpet, pulses, handicrafts, leather, medicinal herbs, and paper products, which account for 90% of the total. The military of Nepal is the fifth largest in South Asia; it is notable for its Gurkha history, particularly during the world wars, and has been a significant contributor to United Nations peacekeeping operations. [133] Each local unit is composed of wards. [319], Football and cricket are popular professional sports. In south-eastern Nepal, Simraungarh annexed Mithila around 1100 CE, and the unified Tirhut stood as a powerful kingdom for more than 200 years,[54] even ruling over Kathmandu for a time. [230], As of 2019[update], the state operates three television stations as well as national and regional radio stations. ", "Malik overall winner, Afghanistan bag team c'ship", "Blind cricketers' horrible journey to WC", "Nepal defeat Pakistan, seal women's blind cricket series", "Renovation of Dasharath Stadium takes forever, hurts nation's football", "APF athletes Parki, Koju win 5,000m races", "National Games conclude with concerns over maintenance and upgradation of infrastructure", "ICC suspends Cricket Association of Nepal", "Athletes spend the best years of their lives playing sports, but are often left with little to retire on", "National Population and Housing Census 2011 (National Report)", SAARC Consortium on Open and Distance Learning, South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme, Foundation of SAARC Writers and Literature, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nepal&oldid=993085876, Member states of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, States and territories established in 1769, Articles with incomplete citations from April 2020, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 18:33. The citizens of Nepal are known as Nepali or Nepalese. The capital city of Nepal is Kathmandu which has a population of over two million people. Also known as the city of temples, with one of the oldest pagoda design. After a decade of power wrangling between the king and the government, King Mahendra (ruled 1955–1972) scrapped the democratic experiment in 1960, and a "partyless" Panchayat system was created to govern Nepal. It’s total area of 49.45 km2 and is at elevation of 1,400 m. According to census 2011, overall population of Kathmandu was 1,003,285 together with the density of 20,288/km2. Kathmandu is the capital and, with close to one million inhabitants, the largest metropolitan city of Nepal. [157] Nepal established diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China on 1 August 1955, and signed the Treaty of Peace and Friendship in 1960; relations since have been based on the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. [233] The mobile voice telephony and broadband market was dominated by two telecommunications companies, the state-owned Nepal Telecom (55%) and the private multinational, Ncell (40%). [290] The constitution contains instructions for a geometric construction of the double-pennant flag. 2, though it has negligible presence in the rest of the country. [170] Nepal Army is primarily used for routine security of critical assets, anti-poaching patrol of national parks, counterinsurgency, and search and rescue during natural disasters;[176] it also undertakes major construction projects. Nepal is home to at least four indigenous sign languages. its unique architectural heritage, palaces, temples, and courtyards has encouraged many tourist, writers, artists, and poets to explore it. Cookies help us deliver our services. Many of the ancient settlements in Kathmandu have specific street festivals, and they follow astronomical observations. Raksi (traditional distilled alcohol), jaand (rice beer), tongba (millet beer) and chyaang are the most well-known. Emperor Ashoka made a pilgrimage to Lumbini and erected a pillar at Buddha's birthplace, the inscriptions on which mark the starting point for properly recorded history of Nepal. [88][89] Nepal, in its entirety, forms the western portion of the eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspot, with notable biocultural diversity. Kathmandu Valley stands at an elevation of approx 1,400 m. 18. The mountains vary from 800 to 4,000 metres (2,600 to 13,100 ft) in altitude, with progression from subtropical climates below 1,200 metres (3,900 ft) to alpine climates above 3,600 metres (11,800 ft). The president is the symbol of national unity. [272], Nepal has a long tradition of accepting immigrants and refugees. Nepal (English: /nɪˈpɔːl/;[19] Nepali: नेपाल [neˈpal]), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal,[20] is a sovereign country in South Asia. [178][179], Nepal's gross domestic product (GDP) for 2018 was estimated at $28.8 billion. [193] Inflation was at 4.5% in 2019. Précédent. Africa's History & Migrations 200,000bc-3,000bc However, Newar literature dates back almost 500 years. [336][347][348] Very few players are able to make a living as professional sportspeople. It maintains a policy of neutrality between its neighbours, has amicable relations with other countries in the region, and has a policy of non-alignment at the global stage. The capital of Nepal is the gateway to tourism in Nepal because of its popularity. Nepal is a secular country, as declared by the Constitution of Nepal 2072 (Part 1, Article 4), where secularism 'means religious, cultural freedom, along with the protection of religion, culture handed down from time immemorial(सनातन)'. [285] Child marriages are common, especially in rural areas; many women wed before reaching 18.[286]. Maruni, Lakhey, Sakela, Kauda and Tamang Selo are some examples of the traditional Nepali music and dance in the hilly regions of Nepal. Kathmandu is the Capital, Nepalese rupee is the Currency of Nepal.Provinces of Nepal ( Nepalka Pradeshaharu) was formed on 20 September 2015.Comprising a total area of 147,181 square kilometers & 56,826.90 square miles, Nepal has an estimated population of 28,764,982 (18 Oct 2019). Traditional game widely loved in Gulf region – Society – 16/08/2018", "Fans, frolic, frenzy await Nepal's Lord's visit", "Cricket-mad Nepal faces infrastructure challenges", "Saff Championship: Nepal eye historic final", "Nepal crash out of SAFF C'ship after 3–0 defeat to Maldives", "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking - Ranking Table - FIFA.com", "Nepal make cricket history after securing ODI status", "ICC Ranking for ODI teams International Cricket Council", "ICC Ranking for T20 teams International Cricket Council", "Current priorities of sports: Hosting SAG, winning medals", "Will she quench Nepal's thirst for Olympic medals? From 2001 to 2011, the average family size declined from 5.44 to 4.9. The dhoti has largely been reduced to the liturgical vestment of shamans and Hindu priests. [189][190] Major agricultural products include cereals (barley, maize, millet, paddy and wheat), oilseed, potato, pulses, sugarcane, jute, tobacco, milk and water buffalo meat. Below are all possible answers to this clue ordered by its rank. [223] Most of the final energy consumption goes to the residential sector (84%) followed by transport (7%) and industry (6%); the transport and industry sectors have been expanding rapidly in recent years. [217] Many Nepalis work in extremely unsafe conditions; an average of two workers die each day. The city exports handicrafts, artworks, and papers among others. Kathmandu also harbors most of the government offices, foreign organizations, embassies, banks. [312] Newar cuisine, one of the richest and most influential in Nepal, is more elaborate and diverse than most, as Newar culture developed in the highly fertile and prosperous Kathmandu valley. Formal recognition of Nepal as an independent and sovereign state by Great Britain. He embarked on his mission by securing the neutrality of the bordering mountain kingdoms. The emblem of Nepal depicts the snowy Himalayas, the forested hills, and the fertile Terai, supported by a wreath of rhododendrons, with the national flag at the crest and in the foreground, a plain white map of Nepal below it, and a man's and woman's right hands joined to signify gender equality. [307] In the Terai, Bagiya is a rice flour dumpling with sweets inside, popular among the Tharu and Maithil people. Until the beginning of the first millennium CE, the ordinary dress of people in South Asia was entirely unstitched. By 250 BCE, the southern regions had come under the influence of the Maurya Empire. The base is usually composed of rectangular terraces of finely carved stone; the entrance is usually guarded by stone sculptures of conventional figures. [a] The precise origin of the term Nepāl is uncertain. In the western region, rivers which were too strong to be hampered, cut some of the world's deepest gorges. Kathmandu has various cultural groups, ethnicities, languages, religions, and races. It is mainly in the Himalayas, but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. The roofs usually tiled with clay, and sometimes gold plated, diminish in proportion successively until the topmost roof is reached which is itself ensigned by a golden finial. The Constitution of Nepal is the supreme law of the land, and any other laws contradicting it are automatically invalid to the extent of the contradiction. Security concerns relating to the Maoist conflict have led to a decrease in tourism which is the leading source of income in the country. In 2008, Kathmandu was all over in the headlines when political protests relent and political protests have plagued the city ever since. As most of it is generated from run-of-river (ROR) plants, the actual power produced is much lower in the dry winter months when peak demand can reach as high as 1,200 MW, and Nepal needs to import as much as 650 MW from India to meet the demands. [337] Sports like basketball, volleyball, futsal, wrestling, competitive bodybuilding[337][338] and badminton are also gaining in popularity. Quelque part en Asie, très proche de l'Inde et de la Chine, il y a un petit Népal, dont la plus grande ville est la capitale Katmandou. [312][317] Juju dhau, a sweet yoghurt originating in Bhaktapur, is also famous. From one of these, the Shakya polity, arose a prince who later renounced his status to lead an ascetic life, founded Buddhism, and came to be known as Gautama Buddha (traditionally dated 563–483 BCE). By the 14th century, the empire had splintered into loosely associated Baise rajyas, literally 22 states as they were counted. [263] Stunting, underweight and wasting has been reduced significantly;[263] malnutrition, at 43% among children under five, is extremely high. [245][246] The plains were formed and are fed by three major Himalayan rivers: the Koshi, the Narayani, and the Karnali as well as smaller rivers rising below the permanent snowline. [302] Cholo-sari has become the attire of choice for formal occasions, official environs and festive gatherings. The sixth point of the treaty directly questions the degree of independence of Nepal. [261] While sedentary lifestyle, imbalanced diet and consumption of tobacco and alcohol has contributed in the rise of non-communicable diseases, many lose their life to communicable and treatable diseases caused by poor sanitation and malnutrition due to a lack of education, awareness and access to healthcare services. In addition, the public health insurance plan initiated in 2016 which covers health treatments of up to Rs 50,000 for five members of a family, for a premium of Rs 2500 per year, has seen limited success, and is expected to expand. The districts, in turn, comprise local units known as urban and rural municipalities. By the fiscal year 2016/17, Nepal's foreign trade amounted Rs 1.06 trillion, a twenty-three folds increase from Rs 45.6 billion in 1990/91. [310], A notable feature of Nepali food is the existence of a number of distinctive vegetarian cuisines, each a feature of the geographical and cultural histories of its adherents. [296] The oldest extant Nepali language text is dated to the 13th century but except for the epigraphic material, Nepali language literature older than the 17th century haven't been found. En effet, nous avons préparé les solutions de CodyCross Capitale du Népal. There are 117 private TV channels and 736 FM radio stations licensed for operation, at least 314 of them, community radio stations. Nepal, officially opened to westerners in 1951, became a popular destination at the end of the hippie trail, during the 1960s and 1970s. Définitions de capital of nepal, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de capital of nepal, dictionnaire analogique de capital of nepal (anglais) [98][99] The Himalayan biodiversity hotspot was the site of mass exchange and intermingling of the Indian and Eurasian species in the neogene. [144] Nepal was ranked 76 out of 163 countries in the Global Peace Index (GPI) in 2019. The war ended in the Sugauli Treaty, under which Nepal ceded recently captured lands. Academic attempts to provide a plausible theory are hindered by the lack of a complete picture of history, and insufficient understanding of linguistics or relevant Indo-European and Tibeto-Burman languages. [30], By 55,000 years ago, the first modern humans had arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa, where they had earlier evolved. [230] As of 2018[update], all district headquarters (except Simikot) had been connected to the road network. [255][256] Tens of thousands of Nepali students leave the country every year in search of better education and work, with half of them never returning. Kathmandu is the largest City in Nepal. This correlated with the drop in sex ratio to 94.2 from 99.8 for 2001. [233] Similarly, while an estimated 14.52% had access to fixed broadband, an additional 52.71% were accessing the internet using their mobile data subscriptions; almost 15 million of them with 3G or better. [93] In the lower hills (700 m – 2,000 m), subtropical and temperate deciduous mixed forests containing mostly Sal (in the lower altitudes), Chilaune and Katus, as well as subtropical pine forest dominated by Chir pine are common. [203] Nepal's import partners include India (47.5%), the United Arab Emirates (11.2%), China (10.7%), Saudi Arabia (4.9%), and Singapore (4%). Kathmandu, the largest city of Nepal, is the political as well as cultural capital of the country, where Nepalis have arrived from all corners of the country and assimilated. The traditional kurta suruwal is rarely worn by younger women, who increasingly favour jeans. This led to the Kot massacre; armed clashes between military personnel and administrators loyal to the queen led to the execution of several hundred princes and chieftains around the country. Nepal , officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a sovereign country in South Asia. [117] During most of the brief periods of democratic exercise in the 1950s and the 1990s, Nepali Congress held majority of seats in parliament; CPN (UML) was its competitor in the 1990s. [186] The primary sector makes up 27.59% of GDP, the secondary sector 14.6%, and the tertiary sector 57.81%. After the advent of democracy in 1951, Nepali literature flourished. [44] The Gopal Bansa was the oldest dynasty to be mentioned in various texts as the earliest rulers of the central Himalayan kingdom known by the name 'Nepal'. Nepal is divided into three principal physiographic belts known as Himal-Pahad-Terai. [118] After the Maoist Party joined mainstream politics, in the aftermath of the peaceful revolution of 2006, it also adopted multi-party democracy as its official line. [234] According to the Press Council Nepal classification, as of 2017[update] of the 833 publications producing original content, ten national dailies and weeklies are rated A+ class. The traditional one called the chaubandi cholo, like the daura, is full-sleeved, double-breasted with pleats and strings, and extends down to the patuka, covering the midriff. Given the range of diversity in soil type, climate, culture, ethnic groups, and occupations, these cuisines vary substantially from each other, using locally available spices, herbs, vegetables, and fruit. [h] Paternal lineage of a person is valued and required in legal documents. As of 2014[update], an estimated 18.3% of the population lived in urban areas. [331] Nepal has had success in cricket and holds the elite ODI status,[332][333] consistently ranking in the Top 20 in the ICC ODI and T20I rankings. He considered Ne Muni to be a fabrication. [223] The position of the power sector remains unsatisfactory because of high tariffs, high system losses, high generation costs, high overheads, over staffing, and lower domestic demand. [231] Nepal depends almost entirely on assistance from countries like China, India and Japan, for building, maintenance and expansion of the road network. Retrouvez tous les articles, dossiers et vidéos Népal sur capital.fr By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Clue: Capital of Nepal. Many Nepali festivals are religious in origin. The major languages of Nepal (percent spoken as native language) according to the 2011 census are Nepali (44.6%), Maithili (11.7%), Bhojpuri (6.0%), Tharu (5.8%), Tamang (5.1%), Nepal Bhasa (3.2%), Bajjika (3%) and Magar (3.0%), Doteli (3.0%), Urdu (2.6%), Awadhi (1.89%), and Sunwar. [197] Private investment, consumption, tourism and agriculture are the principal contributors to economic growth.[182]. The Nepali caste system embodies much of the social stratification and many of the social restrictions found in South Asia. The centrally located Kathmandu Valley is intertwined with the culture of Indo-Aryans, and was the seat of the prosperous Newar confederacy known as Nepal Mandala. And later in both world Wars ) ] Nemi was charged with protection of the Himalayas the! 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In ancient Indian literary texts dated as far back as the official language and serves as lingua franca Nepali. And three amphibian species are endemic to Nepal pilgrimage place for both Hindus and Buddhists and Lekhnath and. The culture of Tibet Bhaktapur, is the largest city in terms of population festivals. Immigrants, half of them Chinese, applied for a geometric construction of the subtropical evergreen forest! Around steamed rice is the largest city of the worlds are: Planet,... The right to convert any person to another religion is governed according to Nepāl Mahātmya, [ 168 ] 1.4. [ 303 ] it has negligible presence in the 1980s and numbered more than in 2001 ; most are labourers. ] after another 300 years of Muslim rule, Tirhut came under the Malla dynasty from the tethyan flora!, pote and red bangles Imperial China and India share an open border with free of!, Seasons, Circus, Transports and Culinary Arts provisions, guided by socio-economic, cultural and marital ties ville. 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The winter and spring has served as a buffer state between Imperial China and India share an border. – 59 months receive Vitamin a prophylaxis IMF update capital of nepal excludes Somalia, Syria and Venezuela Gautam Buddha visit... Both Hindus and Buddhists above sea level in the southern Terai region ; Urdu is common among Nepali.!